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BERNESE MOUNTAIN DOG

Breed Group: Guardian

For full breed standards, visit UK Kennel Club or American Kennel Club

Average height: 58 - 70 cms (23 - 27.5 in)

Average Weight: 36 - 50 kgs (80 - 110 lbs)

Coat Length: Long

Life Span: 7 - 10 years

Colours: Tri-colour (black, white and rust)

HISTORY

The Bernese Mountain Dog hails from the farmlands of Switzerland, where they were indispensable to the farmers and dairymen, primarily for the purpose of driving cattle, pulling carts, and serving as watchdogs. Bred to withstand the harsh Alpine conditions, these dogs are strong, sturdy, and resilient. With a history that dates back over two thousand years, the Bernese Mountain Dog was refined over time by selectively breeding native flock-guarding dogs with mastiff-type dogs brought by the Roman invaders.

L.E.G.S.

Using the L.E.G.S.¬ģ model, our breed descriptions offer insights into typical behavior based on Genetics, Learning, Environment, and Self.¬†

Knowing¬†the¬†sort of 'job' a breed was¬†created¬†for can offer valuable insights into the type of life¬†dogs of that¬†breed would most enjoy. But bear in mind, they are all individuals, treat the following as an¬†indication of breed tendencies ‚Äď not a prediction.

Shedding

minimal <> considerable

Grooming

minimal <> likely to need professional grooming

Barking

relatively quiet <> very vocal

Predatory behaviour around other pets/livestock

low<>high

Response to strangers

happy to greet everyone <> very wary

Affectionate with family

not at all<>very cuddly

Playful

serious<>very playful

Focus on handler (bond)

independent thinker<>very biddable

Excitable/Impulsive

very calm<>easily aroused

Motivated

laid back<>obsessive

Easy to care for

suitable for inexperienced<>challenging

Exercise needs

minimal<>hours daily

Off-lead exercise needs

happy on lead<>needs plenty of freedom

Enrichment needs

basic<>needs challenges

WHY YOU'LL FALL IN LOVE WITH YOUR BERNESE MOUNTAIN DOG

  • They have a majestic and gentle presence, with a heartwarming tri-color coat

  • Known for their deep loyalty, they form strong bonds with their families

  • Their intelligent and affectionate nature makes them great companions

  • They maintain a playful spirit well into adulthood, bringing joy and laughter

WHY THEY MAY BE HARD TO LIVE WITH

  • They need regular, thorough grooming to maintain their beautiful coat

  • As working dogs, they require sufficient physical and mental exercise to prevent boredom

YOUR BERNESE MOUNTAIN DOG PUPPY HIGHLIGHTS

Your Bernese Mountain Dog puppy will be a fluffy bundle of joy, eager to explore and play. Early socialization and training are crucial to channel their strength and intelligence positively as they grow into large, powerful adults.

YOU MAY NEED PROFESSIONAL HELP WITH:

  • Managing their size and strength as they grow
  • Training for specialized tasks or to mitigate any guarding tendencies
  • Developing a grooming routine that keeps their coat and skin healthy

YOUR RELATIONSHIP SURVIVAL KEY

Consistency and understanding of the breed’s guardian heritage are key. Provide steady guidance and positive reinforcement training to develop a well-adjusted and well-behaved companion.

UPBRINGING

A Bernese Mountain Dog thrives on gentle but firm training. They respond well to positive reinforcement and require early socialization to a variety of sights, sounds, and experiences.

LIFESTYLE 

The ideal lifestyle for a Bernese Mountain Dog includes a home with space to roam and a family that can provide affection, structure, and regular activity.

INTERESTS & HOBBIES 

Bernese Mountain Dogs enjoy activities that allow them to use their strength and intelligence, such as hiking, pulling, and agility training.

 

EDUCATION 

Focus on obedience training to harness their natural abilities. Training should be a fun and rewarding experience that stimulates their mind and reinforces their bond with you.